The Industrial Revolution transformed the way of life in the Western World. It also changed the way of life of people in the developing world. Before the Industrial Revolution, people in the developed world lived on farms, or in small towns or villages. They made things for themselves or did simple crafts like weaving, knitting, and pottery. Life was slow and laborious.
Machines changed all that. The Industrial Revolution was a period of major change in the Western World. It began in the 18th century and lasted until the middle of the 20th century. During this period, people in the Western World moved from a rural, agricultural way of life to an urban, industrialized way of life. Machines were used to make products like textiles, iron and steel, consumer goods, and transportation equipment. Labor was mechanized and millions of people migrated to cities. The Urban Revolution saw the rise of modern cities.
The Cotton Gin
The cotton gin was invented in 1793 by American inventor Eli Whitney. It was one of the most important innovations in the history of manufacturing. Before the cotton gin, cotton could only be grown as an annual plant in the southern United States. It required a huge amount of labour to pick the cotton. This labor was done almost exclusively by black people. Whitney’s cotton gin enabled cotton to be grown year-round in the Southern States.
The power loom was invented in 18th century England. It enabled a weaver to produce much more cloth in a shorter time. Before the development of the power loom, hand- weaving was done by rural women. The loom was a big improvement in the lives of weavers. The loom allowed weaving to be mechanized. This removed much of the health risk that came with weaving and allowed weaving to be done by workers in factories. The development of the power loom led to a huge increase in the demand for cotton. As a result, cotton became the main crop of the Southern States. This, in turn, led to yet another increase in the demand for labor.
The steam engine, invented in the 18th century, was the first machine that could produce mechanical power continuously. Before the development of the steam engine, machines were used for very specific purposes. They were either mills for processing raw materials, or metal working tools for making new machines. The steam engine made machines general purpose tools. They could be used for many different industrial purposes. The steam engine transformed the way people lived because it was the first source of mechanical power that was not supplied by human muscle. The first steam engine was built by Scottish inventor James Watt. It was a model called “The New Principle of Mechanical Motion”, which he built between 1763 and 1767. The steam engine enabled factories to produce much more with less effort. It made industry more efficient. People also began to travel and communicate, which led to the development of many new products and services. The use of steam power became widespread during the Industrial Revolution.
New Methods of Transport
The first motorized vehicles were developed in the mid-19th century. They were called “steam buses”. The steam bus was a cart that ran on wheels and had a motor. It was invented by Scottish inventor Peter E. Ward. Motor vehicles changed the way people lived. They made it possible to reach places that were previously too far away to go to. This led to an increase in the demand for fuels and a rise in the prices of these fuels. The motor vehicle also led to the development of trucking and the distribution of goods.
New Consumer Goods
Before the Industrial Revolution, people made things for use, or for their own pleasure. They made clothing, furniture, and other household items for daily use. The Industrial Revolution led to an increase in the production of consumer goods. This was because it made it possible to produce large amounts of these items with the use of machines. The first consumer goods made using machines were safety matches and canned food. These items were produced in large quantities and sold at relatively low prices. As time passed, other consumer goods were produced using machines. They included household chemicals, medicines, processed foods, and many other items. The demand for consumer goods increased even more as a result of the Urban Revolution.
The Urban Revolution
The Urban Revolution was the change that occurred in the Western World as a result of the Industrial Revolution. The Urban Revolution saw the rise of modern cities. Cities became the places where people worked, lived, and shopped. They also had entertainment and leisure activities. Before the Industrial Revolution, cities were small and crowded. They were also dirty and unhealthy. During the Industrial Revolution, cities grew in size and became places where people could have a better life. They were filled with modern buildings and parks. They were also clean and safe. This urbanization changed people’s lives in many ways. It led to the rise of the middle class. It also meant that people had more leisure time than before. This, in turn, led to an increase in the consumption of consumer goods.